In today’s world of high-tech systems, it is important those who access computers and networks have the authorization to do so. Because of this, government agencies, corporations, and small businesses use identity and access management to ensure their systems stay safe and secure. Defined as a group of policies, procedures, and systems allowing IT managers to control user access to an online network, this area of IT management allows systems administrators to regulate access to various parts of a network based on individual users. If you are involved in IT within a company or organization and need to learn additional details about identity and access management, here are four important aspects to keep in mind.
Roles are Clearly Defined
For users to have access to systems within a company or organization, identity and access management requires that user roles be clearly defined. This is a very important duty for systems administrators, since failing to do so can open up an online network to potential harm from hackers or even those within a company. To ensure individuals only gain access to certain parts of a system, an IT administrator will look at such areas as job competency, authority, and responsibility to determine how best to set up an identity and access management system.
Accessing and Modifying Information
Along with ensuring only the proper users gain access to certain parts of a network, IT administrators must also use identity and access management tools to make sure once a system is accessed, information cannot be modified by those who do not possess proper authorization. To accomplish this, they use a variety of IT security measures, including single sign-on systems, multi-factor authentication, and privileged access management, more commonly known as PAM. By using these security measures independently as well as together, an administrator can then securely store identities and profile data. In addition, it is then possible to put various data governance procedures into practice, resulting in the sharing of data that is only considered to be necessary and relevant to an individual user.
Variety of Deployment Options
As various aspects of identity and access management systems have become more advanced technologically, one of the most important aspects has been the variety of deployment options now available to IT administrators. For example, some companies and organizations prefer to have their systems deployed on the premises, where they can have instant access to it and have their own IT administrator and team of professionals manage its use and security. However, others may choose to have services provided by a third-party vendor, which can help ease the burden on an IT administrator, particularly in a smaller business or organization. Finally, more and more companies, government agencies, and organizations are moving toward having identity and access management services on a cloud-based model. By doing so, not only do they have less to do on their end in regards to security and maintenance, but it also provides much-needed time for IT administrators to spend on other projects that can keep a business or organization running smoothly.
Protecting Sensitive Data
To ensure an identity and access management system can protect various types of sensitive data, it must contain a variety of components. These include a centralized directory service, which will enable an IT administrator and management personnel to maintain oversight and visibility regarding user activity of the system. Along with this, controls will be put in place to capture and record user login information, manage the database of user identities, and determine the assignments or removals of user privileges. By having these key components in place, an identity and access management system can then reduce the time it will take to complete many online processes, since the resulting workflow will allow for better control of system abuse, decrease errors, and allow for automated account fulfillment.
While an identity and access management system can involve many complexities, having it in place can be extremely important to maintaining an IT system that is safe and secure. With identity theft and other forms of online activity aimed at stealing information or disrupting a company’s ability to do business on the rise, an IAM system is more important than ever in today’s world.